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Hydration and Acne: Does Drinking Water Actually Help?

By The Nava Team

October 7, 2021

Water plays an essential role in total body health and general well-being. 

People who don’t drink enough water daily over prolonged periods can deal with side effects of mild dehydration that they may not even recognize as being related, like headaches and (worse) painful kidney stones.

What does hydration mean for skin health? Your skin is the largest organ in your body, and all organs need adequate moisture to function properly.

If you have breakouts, you may have heard that dehydration can contribute. So does drinking water help with acne? While there’s limited scientific research on the matter, dermatologists absolutely recognize the benefits of hydration for skin wellness. 

What Does the Science Say About Hydration?

Surprisingly with water being such a popular commodity these days – alkaline, added electrolytes, and everything in between – few researchers have investigated its effect on acne specifically, though there's a little more on water and skin physiology. 

There is a visible difference in skin that lacks moisture. It’s tighter, drier, and flakier. The available research shows that water positively benefits the skin. But does drinking water help with acne?

One published research study showed that dry skin may cause acne because it stimulates excess oil (sebum) production. A later review of fluid intake studies showed that hydration of the outer skin layer decreased dryness, especially in individuals whose consumption of water was previously lower. Thus, there appears to be a correlation between water consumption and skin health, which may provide a direct benefit to your acne condition. 

How Does Drinking Water Aid Skin Health?

Drinking enough water each day hydrates your skin tissue and provides greater elasticity. A better functioning skin surface may mean a reduction in the triggers that cause acne. Here are some ways drinking water supports your health:

  • Maintains moisture content: A healthy body needs to retain a certain amount of water to support key systems. Hydration levels vary, but adults need at least several liters of water per day.
  • Helps to heal: Chronic acne and flare-ups are agitated by overactive physiological systems, like the autoimmune system and inflammation. Scientists have drawn a clear connection between the immune system and chronic inflammatory skin disease. Nutrients within the bloodstream are necessary for immune system health, and as the bloodstream consists mostly of water, regular hydration is vital.
  • Moisturizes skin: Skin moisture is key in defending against dryness, cracking, sores, and even the bacteria that produce acne. It’s good to be aware of your water intake and drink regularly throughout the day.
  • Balances skin pH: Your skin needs proper pH balance on the scale between acidic and alkaline. Diet, environment and health factors can all shift physiological pH balance. Water helps to maintain balance and possibly reduce acne symptoms.
  • Reduces pore size: The size of your pores can contribute to the prevalence of bacteria-trapping oil. Moist skin is elastic and contributes to better pore health, and great hydration may help reduce pore size.

The oil and dirt on your skin surface that contribute to clogged pores, called comedones, can be balanced through hydration. Adding water to your daily routine may help to lessen acne breakouts and blemishes.

Does Diet Matter for Skin Health?

Acne problems involve your oil glands (sebaceous glands) and hair follicles. Oils (sebum) are emitted through these glands to moisten the skin. If they get clogged with dirt, bacteria, and oil buildup, pimples and pustules can form.

One study that looked at the relationship between acne and diet found foods rich in nutrients and metabolites impact skin hydration. 

A big factor, though rarely seen in developed countries, is Vitamin A deficiency. Vitamin A deficiency leads to dry skin, dry hair and broken fingernails as some of its first manifestations. This is particularly interesting in that retinoids like retinol and tretinoin (which are Vitamin  A derivatives) are powerful skin health boosters.

Essential fatty acids can also be associated with a variety of skin problems. “Dry, itchy, scaly skin is a hallmark sign of fatty acid deficiency,” say these researchers. “The sebum of acne patients is relatively deficient in linoleic acid.”

The list goes on. One interesting finding is that those of us who adhere to a typically Western diet are more prone to acne, while traditionally Eastern diets with higher fish intake and fewer refined carbohydrates tend to have less acne. 

To boil it down, more whole fruits and vegetables, lean proteins like fish, less sugar, and fewer refined carbohydrates are all good for skin health.

What Are the Leading Causes of Acne?

Perhaps you feel down because you’re trying to stay hydrated and are questioning whether drinking water helps with acne. 

Drinking water is a support mechanism for the body, but dermatology treatment and proper skin care can help get to the root of your skin issues. Here are three key factors that increase the risk of getting acne:

  1. Hormones: Puberty is a time of big changes for your body – and your skin. The sebaceous glands of both females and males going through puberty create more oils that lead to breakouts and chronic skin conditions. Women experience hormonal changes – like during menopause and pregnancy – that can cause adult acne too.
  2. Genetics: Family history plays a significant role in the formation of acne. You’re more likely to develop acne if your parents had it.
  3. Skin irritation: Skin that’s irritated by pressure or friction breaks out more easily. Mobile phones are complicating this issue since these devices carry lots of bacteria and rest against your face frequently.

Remember that drinking enough water is one practice to help support your body’s defenses and protect against bacteria and other skin conditions that lead to acne.

Is It True That Acne Is a Hygiene Problem?

You may have heard that acne is caused by not being clean enough. Acne is not typically a result of having dirty skin. While maintaining normal bathing routines can help, obsessive cleaning rituals can sometimes actually worsen skin conditions. More frequently, acne stems from underlying biology, hormones, and genetics more than cleanliness.

Another common assumption is that acne comes from eating greasy foods or sweets. Diet does help support healthy body functions that promote better skin health, and diets heavy in refined carbs aren’t great for skin health. Does that mean you have to go sugar-free? Not at all, but be cognizant that 40 ounces of soda daily isn’t great for your skin health – or wellbeing in general.

Cosmetics have a bad rap in acne circles. There are many oil-free makeups that don’t affect acne conditions. Take the time to look for products that won’t clog your pores or cause agitation, often called non-comedogenic.  

When Should You See a Dermatologist for Acne?

Acne that’s severe affects self-esteem; it can be incredibly frustrating; and it can even be physically painful.

And, it may not clear up with over-the-counter medications. Dermatologists have a variety of more powerful medications than those you can get in stores, including prescription-grade ingredients like tretinoin and other retinoids, and they may even deploy antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications.

If you're concerned about the severity of your acne, or you're just ready for effective treatment, telehealth is making dermatology more affordable and accessible than ever before.

Nava MD can help you get the clinical skincare treatment you need, for the outcome you deserve.

With our online system, you complete a comprehensive questionnaire, submit your photos, and if approved by our clinicians, you receive a custom-formulated prescription by mail. Our formulations are dermatologist-recommended and selected for your specific situation.

Your prescription is sent through our partner U.S. pharmacy, and care is ongoing: you can message your clinician any time through the Nava MD Member Portal. It's easy and affordable.

Click here to start your free consultation.

 

Sources

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3051853/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29392767/

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/water-you-water-and-human-body?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects 

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/275045783_Acne_A_new_model_of_immune-mediated_chronic_inflammatory_skin_disease

https://ssihi.uci.edu/tip/hydration-for-immune-system/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2836431/

 

 


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Disclaimer : This article is not intended as medical advice. It is intended for general informational purposes and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions. Dial 911 in case of a medical emergency.